what are alkaline earth metals

They have a gray-white lustre when freshly cut but tarnish readily in air, particularly the heavier members of the group. They tend to form ionic bonds, except for beryllium which forms covalent bonds. Alkaline Earth metals are very reactive because they readily give up their two valence electrons to achieve a full outer energy level, which is the most stable arrangement of electrons. Group II elements include; Beryllium (Be), Magnesium (Mg), Calcium (Ca), Strontium (Sr), Barium (Ba) and Radium (Ra). They are any of the metallic elements belonging to Group 2 of the periodic table: beryllium (Be), magnesium (Mg), calcium (Ca), strontium (Sr), barium (Ba), and radium (Ra). We should store these metals always in inert liquids such as kerosene because they rapidly react with the air, water vapour and oxygen in the air. The alkaline earth metals are shiny, silvery-white, and somewhat reactive metals at standard temperature and pressure. Some characteristics of alkaline earth metals are: An oxidation number of +2 which makes them very reactive. Tepper, Frederick, and James L. Dye. Alkaline earth metals have only two electrons in their outermost electron layer. Therefore, the difference between alkali metals and alkaline earth metals is that all alkali metals have an electron in their outermost shell whereas all the alkaline earth metals have two outer electrons. All of these metals are commercially valuable. These elements are Beryllium, Magnesium, Calcium, Strontium, Barium and Radium. Alkaline earth metals get the name 'alkaline' because of the basic nature of the compounds they form when bonded with oxygen. Electronegativity of alkaline earth metals: The electro negativity values of alkaline earth metals are quite close to those of alkali metals, though slightly more. The alkaline earth metals are the second group of metals on the periodic table. As ions they have a charge of +2a. They all occur in nature, but are only found in compounds and minerals, not in their elemental forms. 5. Modern version of the periodic table of the elements. This group of elements includes beryllium, magnesium, calcium, strontium, barium, and radium. The elements are beryllium (Be), magnesium (Mg), calcium (Ca), strontium (Sr), barium (Ba), and radium (Ra). They are silvery, shiny, and relatively soft metals. Location of the Alkaline Earths on the Periodic Table. The alkaline earth metals are the elements that correspond to group 2 of the modern periodic table. The name "alkaline earths" comes from an old name for the oxides of the elements. The alkaline earth metals have the common properties of metals, are silvery-grey in colour and good conductors of heat and electricity. Their melting points are relatively lower than other metals. And all alkaline earth metals have two outer electrons. They are fairly reactive under standard conditions. 3. They become stable by gaining the electron configuration of noble gasses through the donation of their outermost electrons. After some quick brainstorming and mish-mashing of names, the two concepts were combined to create the Frankenstein-creature we now call alkaline earth metals. 4. Alkali metals and alkaline earth metals are the “S-block” elements because elements in both of these groups have their outermost electron(s) in the s-subshell. All of the alkaline earth metals except magnesium and strontium have at least one naturally occurring radioisotope. Because they form +2 ions that have very negative reduction potentials, large amounts of energy are needed to isolate them from their ores. Overview and Key Difference All rights reserved. They are called alkaline because they form solutions with a pH greater than 7, making them bases or "alkaline.". They can be easily distinguished from the other metals as they have only 2 electrons in their outer shell and can easily donate those electrons to achieve stability. Same as alkali metals, these metals are also good conductors in heat and electricity. What are Alkaline Earth Metals Alkali metals have the electronic configuration of [Noble gas] ns1 while Alkaline earth metals have, [Noble gas] ns2 electronic configuration. Alkali metals and the alkaline earth metals are the group I and group II elements in the periodic table respectively. Alkaline earth metals are in the second group of the periodic table. They are related to the Alkali metals, but they do not react as much because they need more energy to remove their two electrons, So they do not have to be stored in petrol. “Alkaline Earth Metal.” Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, 20 May 2018. @media (max-width: 1171px) { .sidead300 { margin-left: -20px; } } Difference Between Carboxylic Acid and Ester, Side by Side Comparison – Alkali Metals vs Alkaline Earth Metals in Tabular Form, Difference Between Coronavirus and Cold Symptoms, Difference Between Coronavirus and Influenza, Difference Between Coronavirus and Covid 19, Difference Between Bryophytes and Seedless Vascular Plants, Difference Between Gravimetric and Titrimetric Analysis, Difference Between Orthoboric Acid and Metaboric Acid, Difference Between Regeneration and Fibrosis, Difference Between Culture and Media in Microbiology, Difference Between Oxirane Glycidyl and Epoxy Groups, Difference Between Filgrastim and Lenograstim. The alkaline earth metals (beryllium, magnesium, calcium, strontium, barium, and radium) are the second most reactive metals in the periodic table (Table 3.7), and, like the Group 1 metals, have increasing reactivity in the higher periods. The elements of this group are quite similar in their physical and chemical properties. The alkaline earths are the elements located in Group IIA of the... Properties of the Alkaline Earth Metals. Alkaline earth metals have stronger metallic bonds as compared to the alkali metals present in the same period. 2. Sometimes they explosively react with other substances. Beryllium, magnesium, calcium, strontium, barium and radium are all shiny, and silvery-white. “Alkali Metal.” Encyclopædia Britannica, Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., 21 June 2017. Alkaline-earth metal - Alkaline-earth metal - Physical and chemical behaviour: The alkaline-earth elements are highly metallic and are good conductors of electricity. The word earth was applied in old days to a metallic oxide and because the oxides of calcium, strontium and barium produced alkaline solutions in water and, therefore these metals are called the alkaline earth metals. The alkaline earth metals are the second most reactive family of elements. The earliest known alkaline earth was line (latin : calx). Similar to alkaline metals, these elements also do not occur freely in … The key difference between alkali metals and alkaline earth metals is that all alkali metals have an electron in their outermost shell whereas all the alkaline earth metals have two outer electrons. Facts about Alkaline Earth Metals talk about a group of element located on the second column of the periodic table. 2. Many of alkali metal compounds (NaCl, KCl, Na2CO3, NaOH) are commercially very important. The alkaline earth metals are the second most reactive family of elements. Both alkali metals and alkaline earth metals are good electrical and heat conductors. Solved a ignment score 19 1 periodic table a atomic radius chemical science gate m sc what is the electronic configuration of alkaline earth metals group Solved Write The Outer Electron Configurations For A Alk CheggWhat Is The Electronic Configuration Of Alkaline Earth Metal QuoraIdentify The Generic Outer Electron Configuration For Alkaline Earth Metals Ns2np3… They all occur in nature, but are only found in compounds and minerals, not in their elemental forms. Like the alkali metals, the alkaline earth metals are so reactive that they are never found in elemental form in nature. The alkaline earth metals tend to form +2 cations. Radium, barium, and strontium have few industrial applications, while magnesium and calcium have many uses in manufacturing and industry. This puts them beside the alkali metals in Group 1, and as their names suggest, the two families share a number of characteristics, most notably their high reactivity. Beryllium is sufficiently hard to scratch glass, but barium is only slightly harder than lead. Radium is formed from the decay of uranium. Compare the Difference Between Similar Terms. The alkaline earth metalsare all of the elements in the second column (column 2A) of the periodic table. They can achieve the noble gas state easily, by removing the outermost electron in the valence shell. The densities of Lithium and Sodium are less than the density of water. Available here   The name alkaline earth suggest that these metals form alkalies with water and are found in earth’s crust. The six alkaline earth metals—beryllium, magnesium, calcium, strontium, barium, and radium—comprise Group 2 on the periodic table of elements. 1. The heterocyclic beryllole is the first antiaromatic molecule containing an alkaline earth metal in its π system. As can be seen from Figure 8.6.1.2, Alkaline earth metals' possess large negative M 2+/0 standard reduction potentials which strongly favor the +2 cation. The elements included in the group include radium, barium, strontium, calcium, magnesium and beryllium. The elements in these two groups are the most reactive metals in the periodic table. The alkali metals are the elements present in the first group of the periodic table. Alkali metals are the elements present in the first group of the periodic table. They all have low densities, melting points and boiling points, and they tend to form solutions with a pH greater than 7. As both Alkali metals and alkali earth metals are the first two groups in the periodic table, the difference between alkali metals and alkaline earth metals is a subject of interest for any chemistry student. They react with halogens to form compounds called halides. They are Lithium (Li), Sodium(Na), Potassium (K), Rubidium (Rb), Cesium (Cs) and Francium (Fr). All the elements in this group are denser than water. Calcium plays an important role in helping us to build strong bones and magnesium is used to help regulate the body's temperature. Alkaline earth metals are metals that have two valence electrons in their outermost shell. Because the alkaline-earth metals have two electrons in their outer shell, they react easily with other elements and are found in nature only in compounds. However, alkali earth metals are harder than the alkali metals. The alkaline earth metals are the second group of metals on the periodic table.They are related to the Alkali metals, but they do not react as much because they need more energy to remove their two electrons, So they do not have to be stored in petrol.As ions they have a charge of +2a. The alkaline earth metals (beryllium (Be), magnesium (Mg), calcium (Ca), strontium (Sr), barium (Ba), and radium (Ra)) are a group of chemical elements in the s-block of the periodic table with very similar properties: 1. shiny 2. silvery-white 3. somewhat reactive metals at standard temperature and pressure 4. readily lose their two outermost electrons to form cations with a 2+ charge 5. low densities 6. low melting points 7. low boiling poi… However, the other elements are denser than water. Similar to alkaline metals, these elements also do not occur freely in nature and they are also very reactive. Group II elements include; Beryllium (Be), Magnesium (Mg), Calcium (Ca), Strontium (Sr), Barium (Ba) and Radium (Ra). Calcium and magnesium are important for animal and plant life. This group includes the elements lithium, sodium, potassium, rubidium, caesium and … With regard to the valency of these metals, all alkali metals have an electron in their outermost shell. Comparatively, alkali metals are more reactive than alkaline earth metals. What Are the Properties of the Alkaline Earth Metals? Pure metals have a silver-grey color, but they tend to decolorize quickly when exposed to air because they form an oxide layer on the surface. Side by Side Comparison – Alkali Metals vs Alkaline Earth Metals in Tabular Form They are all metals and very reactive therefore none of these metals do not occur as free metals in nature. Not found freely in nature. Barium, an Alkaline Earth Metal. Alkaline earth metals are good reducing agents that tend to form the +2 oxidation state. Present in the earth's crust but not in their basic form. … The alkaline earth metal calcium is also present in significant quantity. Also, like the alkali metals, or indeed any other family on the periodic table, not all members of the alkali metal family are created equally in terms of their abundance on Earth or their usefulness to human life. Figure 01: Atomic Radius of Alkali and Alkali Earth Metals. But right now we’d like to explain about uses of alkaline earth metal in daily life, which is beryllium, magnesium, calcium, strontium, barium and radium are inside that group. There are six alkaline earth metals, including beryllium, magnesium, calcium, strontium, barium and radium. Moreover, alkali metals are very soft and they can be cut with a sharp knife. Terms of Use and Privacy Policy: Legal. Alkaline earth metals appear shiny, silvery-white and are found in the earth's crust. Alkaline-earth metal, any of the six chemical elements that comprise Group 2 (IIa) of the periodic table. It determines the valency of the elements. It is very radioactive and is dangerous to handle. Alkaline earth metals are in the second group of the periodic table. Calcium and magnesium are fourth and fifth in the reactivity series. Alkali metals have only +1 ionic charge in their compounds when alkaline earth metals have +2 ionic charges in their compounds. 1. In … What are Alkali Metals Summary. This group includes beryllium (Be), magnesium (Mg), calcium (Ca), strontium (Sr), barium (Ba) and radium (Ra). Alkaline earth metals are in the second group of the periodic table. alkaline-earth metal Any of a group of metallic elements that includes beryllium, magnesium, calcium, strontium, barium, and radium. Coming from Engineering cum Human Resource Development background, has over 10 years experience in content developmet and management. 3. The alkaline earths possess many of the characteristic properties of metals. You can call this group as group 2 element. The metal components of the oxides behaved differently, but still resembled the alkali family metals. They burn with various colored flames as follows: beryllium (white), magnesium (bright white), calcium (red), strontium (crimson), barium (green), and radium (red). The most significant difference between these two groups is the electronic configuration. Alkali and Alkaline Earth Metals The elements in group one of the periodic table (with the exception of hydrogen - see below) are known as the alkali metals because they form alkaline solutions when they react with water. All of them except beryllium react strongly with water. All the alkaline earth metals readily lose their two outermost electrons to form cations with a 2+ charge. Alkali metals and alkaline earth metals have many similar properties, but this article discusses mainly their differences. Similar with alkali metals, alkaline earth metal also have the properties of base, as opposed to an acid. They have two outer valence electrons which they readily lose. Available here, 1.’Atomic radius of alkali metals and alkaline earth metals’By DePiep – Own work, (CC BY-SA 3.0) via Commons Wikimedia, Filed Under: Chemistry Tagged With: alkali metals, alkaline earth metals. English chemist Sir Humphry Davy was the first to isolate many of the alkaline earth metals including calcium, strontium, magnesium, and barium. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Copyright © 2010-2018 Difference Between. Alkaline earth metals are also known as Group II elements. 4. Alkaline Earth Metal. The alkaline earth metals are less reactive than the alkali metals. The alkaline earth metals are in the second group of the periodic table. Group 2 on the periodic table NaCl, KCl, Na2CO3, NaOH ) commercially. That these metals, including beryllium, magnesium, calcium, strontium, barium and radium Engineering cum Resource... Alkaline metals, these metals are the group points and boiling points, and strontium have at least one occurring. 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Scratch glass, but barium is only slightly harder than the alkali family metals the alkaline... React with halogens to form solutions with a pH greater than 7 cut with a pH greater than.! Both alkali metals, are silvery-grey in colour and good conductors of electricity role! Group IIa of the periodic table heavier members of the periodic table of the periodic table, them. Alkali earth metals are the elements included in the first antiaromatic molecule containing an alkaline earth metals, beryllium! More reactive than the alkali metals are harder than lead, as opposed to an acid with... By gaining the electron configuration of noble gasses through the donation of their outermost electrons are silvery-grey in colour good. Greater than 7, making them bases or `` alkaline. `` are soft! The two concepts were combined to create the Frankenstein-creature we now call alkaline Metal.... 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